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雾霾到底会不会导致肺癌?

2019-01-03 11:25:00行业资讯


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11月,京津冀等全国多地被浓重的雾霾笼罩,北京地区的空气质量指数已超300,全市达到严重污染级别。专家表示,此次重污染过程影响范围广、污染程度较重,为今年秋冬季以来最严重的一次雾霾天气。国民彩票都说雾霾有害、PM2.5有害,但它到底有多危险?和现在肺癌高发是否有关呢?

1


雾霾会导致肺癌吗?


SHOUXIAN,WUMAIKENDINGSHIZHIAIWU。WEISHARENDINGWUMAIZHIAI?YIFANGMIANSHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHIYIJINGXIALEZHEIGEJIELUN,LINGYIFANGMIAN,AIZHENGFABINGJILIYEZHICHIZHEIGELILUN。


2013NIANDI,SHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHI(WHO)JINGGUOZHENGLIQUANSHIJIE1000DUOGEXIANGGUANYANJIUBAOGAOHOUDECHULE“KONGQIWURANZHIAI”ZHEIGEJIELUN,TONGSHIYEMINGQUEBAKONGQIKELIWU(BAOKUOPM2.5)LIEWEIYIJIZHIAIWUZHI 。

微信图片_20190103111157.jpg

ZHIAIWUZHIANZHAOYANZHONGCHENGDUFENWEI4JI,FENBIEWEIYIJI”MINGQUEZHIAIWU“,ERJI”KENENGZHIAIWU“,SANJI”WUFAQUEDINGZHIAIWU“,SIJI”BUTAIKENENGZHIAIWU“。WUMAI(PM2.5)BEIFENDAOYIJIZHIAIWU,JIUDENGTONGYUSHUO:SHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHIRENWEIMUQIANYOUZUGOUZHENGJUBIAOMINGKONGQIWURANHEAIZHENG(FEIAI)YOUZHIJIEDEYINGUOGUANXI①。


同时世界卫生组织指出,2010年全世界大概有320万人因为空气污染死亡,多为心血管疾病,其中预计22万死于肺癌,而超过一半肺癌死亡患者在中国和其它亚洲国家 。所以,雾霾能致病致癌,是被世界卫生组织大量专家共同认可的结论。


2


如今肺癌高发怪雾霾吗?


DAJIASHOUXIANYAOMINGBAI,WUMAIHUOZHERENHEHUANJINGWURANRUGUOZHIAI,YIDINGSHIMANXINGHEZHANGQIDE,BUKENENGLIGANJIANYING。


YIZHILVGANYANZHUCHENGDEHUXIBINGXUEZHUANJIA、ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHIZHONGNANSHANJIAOSHOUFABIAOLETADUIMUQIANWUMAIYUFEIAIGUANXIKANFA:“WUMAIYUFEIAIGAOFADEGUANXI,MUQIANSHANGWUMINGQUEJIELUN。CONG2009NIANYILAIDEGUOWAIZILIAOKAN,WUMAIZHONGDEERYANGHUADANYUFEIAIDEGUANXIMIQIE,PM2.5HEFEIAIDEGUANXISHANGXUSHIJIANDECHUZHUNQUEPANDUAN。DANYINWEIGUONEIWUMAINONGDUBIGUOWAIGAOWUZHISHIBEI,XIANZAIHENKUAIXIAYIGEJIELUNHAIWEISHISHANGZAO②。”


ZUIDIANXINGDELIZI,SHIERZHANQIJIANMEIGUOXIANGRIBENTOUFANGYUANZIDANHOU,DALIANGXINGCUNDEJUMINDOUSHOUDAOLEYANZHONGHEFUSHE,ZHEIKESHIBIWUMAIYANZHONGNBEIDEZHIAIYINSU。DANJISHIXIANGZHEIMEQIANGDEZHIAIYINSU,SHOUHAIRENBAIXUEBINGJIZHONGBAOFASHIZAISHOUDAOFUSHE5NIANYIHOUCAICHUXIAN,QITAAIZHENGZHONGLEIBAOFAZESHI10-15NIANYIHOUDESHIQING。


LEISIDE,MEIGUOSHUJUMINGQUEXIANSHI,RENJUNXIYANLIANGHEFEIAIFABINGLVZHIJIEXIANGGUAN,DANSHILIANGGEQUXIANXIANGCHA20NIAN,YEJIUSHISHUOXIYANDAOZHIFEIAIPINGJUNXUYAO20NIANZUOYOU,ERKONGYANHOUZHENGTIFEIAIXIAJIANGYEXUYAO20NIANZUOYOU。

微信图片_20190103111205.jpg

YINCI,ZHEIMELAIKAN,XIANZAIZHONGGUOWUMAIDUIFEIAIDEYINGXIANG,BIXUYAODENGDAO10~20NIANHOUYIHOUCAINENGKANCHULAI。


但就当前来看,雾霾颗粒吸入越多,对身体危害越大,儿童在室外活动,没有保护意识,呼吸更深更频繁,因此肯定是最大受害者人群。成年人如果不注意保护在雾霾中进行长跑,跳广场舞等剧烈运动,也是拿命在健身,强烈不推荐。


3


其实,雾霾会导致多种疾病

微信图片_20190103111208.jpg

01 雾霾与呼吸系统疾病


WUMAIDUIYUHUXIXITONGDEYINGXIANGSHIMEIGERENDOUYOUQIESHENTIHUIDE,YINCIYANJIULISHIZUIZHANG、XIANGGUANDAXINGYANJIUZUIDUO。


ZAOZAI1982NIAN,MEIGUOZHONGLIUXIEHUIJIUKAISHIDUIJIN19WANBUXIYANMEIGUORENJINXINGSUIFANG,ZAI2008NIANGONGBUDE26NIANSUIFANGJIEGUOXIANSHI,PM2.5NONGDUMEIZENGJIA10μg/m3,FEIAISIWANGLVZENGJIA15%-27%③。


RIBENZAISHANGSHIJIJINXINGDEYIXIANGSHEJI6WAN3QIANREN、WEIQI10NIAN(1974-1983)DEYANJIUXIANSHI,PM2.5、ERYANGHUALIU(SO2)、ERYANGHUADAN(NO2)GEZENGJIA10GEDANWEISHI,FEIAIFENGXIANZENGJIA17%-24%BUDENG,TONGSHIFEIYANDEFENGXIANYEXIANZHUZENGJIA③。


2006NIANZAIOUZHOU29GECHENGSHIJINXINGDEYIXIANGDIAOCHAXIANSHI,PM10MEIZENGJIA10μg/m3,YOUHUXIXITONGJIBINGDAOZHIDESIWANGZENGJIA0.58%⑤。MEIGUO2009NIANDEYIXIANGYANJIUXIANSHI:PM2.5JISHIZHIZENGJIA10μg/m3BINGJINCHIXULIANGTIAN,HUXIXITONGJIBINGHUANBINGLVYEJIANGZENGJIA2.07%③。


2013NIANKANZAIZAIQUANWEIYIXUEZAZHI《LIUYEDAOZHONGLIUXUEZIKAN》SHANGDEYIXIANGSHEJI9GEOUZHOUGUOJIA、31WANRENPINGJUNSUIFANG12.8NIANDEYANJIUZAICIXIANSHI:PM2.5MEIZENGJIA5μg/m3,FEIAIFABINGFENGXIANZENGJIA18%,PM10MEIZENGJIA10μg/m3,FEIAIFABINGFENGXIANZENGJIA22%。GAIYANJIUTONGSHIHAIXIANSHI,ZAIFANMANGDEDAOLUFUJIN100MIJUZHUDEJUMIN,FEIAIFENGXIANZENGJIA9%③。


02 雾霾与心血管系统疾病


雾霾与心血管疾病的关系同样令人瞩目。


SHOUXIANSHIDUIXUEYADEYINGXIANG:BENSHIJICHU,HANGUOYANJIURENYUANFAXIAN,PMZONGNONGDUDUANQISHENGGAO10μg/m3JIKEDAOZHIXUEYASHENGGAO1-4mmHg,QIEBUTONGZHONGLEIDEKONGQIWURANWUDUIXUEYADEYINGXIANGBUTONG③。


TONGQIZAIMOXIGEJINXINGDEYIXIANGYANJIUXIANSHI,YUJUZHUZAIKONGQIDABIAODIQUDETONGLINGRENXIANGBI,CHUSHENGBINGYIZHIJUZHUZAIKONGQIWURANYANZHONGDIQUDEERTONGFEIDONGMAIYALIXIANZHUSHENGGAO,ERGAOFEIDONGMAIYALISHIFEIYUANXINZANGBINGDEZHUYAOBIAOXIAN③。


JIANADADEYIXIANGYANJIUXIANSHI,PM2.5NONGDUSHENGGAO10μg/m3KEDAOZHIFUNVCHONGXUEXINGXINZANGBINGHUANBINGLVZENGJIA31%,GUANXINBINGHUANBINGLVZENGJIA22%,ZUZHONGFENGXIANZENGJIA21%③。


03 霾对认知功能的影响


另外,雾霾对认知功能的损害,也让人震惊。


DALIANGYANJIUXIANSHI:YINGYOUERQIBAOLUYUKONGQIWURANKENENGDUISHENJINGFAYUSHUIPING、ZHILI、YUYANNENGLI、JIYILI、ZHUYILIDENGDUOFANGMIANCHANSHENGYINGXIANG。QIZHONGZUIYOUDAIBIAOXINGDESHI1997NIANZHI2008NIANDUIOUZHOU6GEGUOJIAJINWANMINGERTONGJINXINGDEDIAOCHA,JIEGUOFAXIANHUAIYUNQIJIANBAOLUYUKONGQIWURANHUIXIANZHUJIANGDIERTONGDESHENJINGXINGWEIFAYUSHUIPING③。


04 雾霾对寿命的影响

WULUNWUMAIDAOZHINAGEXITONGDEJIBING,ZUIHOUDOUBIJIANGDUIRENQUNSIWANGLVHEYUQISHOUMINGCHANSHENGYINGXIANG。


FUDANDAXUEDUIZHONGGUO9GEDACHENGSHI1996-2008NIANJIANSIYUGUANXINBINGDE13WANHUANZHEHETONGQIKONGQIZHILIANGJINXINGLEYANJIU,FAXIANDANGNO2、SO2JIPM2.5ZAI2TIANNEINONGDUMEIZENGGAO10μg/m3SHI,GUANXINBINGSIWANGRENSHUJIANGZENGJIA0.36%-1.30%③。


CONGSHANGSHIJI80NIANDAIYILAI,MEIGUODEZONGTIKONGQIZHILIANGYIZHIQUYUHAOZHUAN,YANJIUZHEDUI545GEXIAN2000-2007NIANDEKONGQIZHILIANGBIANHUAHERENJUNSHOUMINGJINXINGFENXIHOUFAXIAN:PM2.5MEIXIAJIANG10μg/m3,DANGDIJUMINDEYUQISHOUMINGJIUHUIZENGJIA0.35NIAN③。

保卫蓝天,人人有责。


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